Article 28: Right to education
The right of the child to education, by making primary education compulsory and available free to all, encourage the development of different forms of secondary education, the access of higher education all on the basis of his or her capacity, and to ensure that school discipline is administered in a manner consistent with the child’s human dignity.
Article 20: Children deprived of family environment
Special protection and assistance must be provided by the State to ensure the alternative care for such a child taking into consideration the child’s upbringing and to the child’s ethnic, religious, cultural and linguistic background.
Article 35: Abduction, sale and trafficking
The right of the child to prevented from the abduction, the sale of or traffic in children for any purpose or in any form.
Article 2 : Non-discrimination
All the rights are applicable on children without discrimination of any kind, irrespective of the child’s or his or her parent’s or legal guardian’s race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national,
ethnic or social origin, property, or disability
Article 40: Juvenile justice
The right of every child alleged as, accused of, or recognized as having infringed the penal law to be treated in a manner consistent with the promotion of the child’s sense of dignity and worth, which reinforces the child’s respect for the human rights taking into account the child’s age and the desirability of promoting the child’s reintegration in society and providing vocational training programmes and institutional care.
Article 7: Registration, name, nationality, care
The child shall have the right from birth to a name, the right to acquire a nationality and the right to know and be cared for by his or her parents.
Article 6: Survival and development
Every child has the inherent right to life and States Parties shall ensure to the maximum extent possible the survival and development of the child.
Article 37: Definition and punishment
No child shall be subjected to torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. Neither capital punishment nor life imprisonment without possibility of release shall be imposed for offences committed by persons below eighteen years of age. No child shall be deprived of his or her liberty unlawfully or arbitrarily and shall have the right to maintain contact with his or her family.
Article 39: Rehabilitation of child victims
States Parties shall take all appropriate measures to promote physical and psychological recovery and social reintegration of a child victi
Article 17: Access to information
The right of the child to access to information from a diversity of national and international sources, especially those aimed at the promotion of his or her social, spiritual, moral well-being, physical and mental health.
Article 8: Preservation of identity
States Parties undertake to respect the right of the child to preserve his or her identity, including nationality, name and family relations.
Article 10: Family reunification
The right of child and his or her parents to enter or leave a State Party for the purpose of family reunification.
Article 3 : Best Interests of the child
All actions concerning child and the best interests of the child shall be a primary consideration.
States Parties must undertake to ensure the child such protection and the necessary care as is necessary for his or her well-being in case of absence of the parents’ care.
Article 1 : Meaning of the Child
A child means every human being below the age of eighteen years unless under the law applicable to the child, majority is attained earlier.
Article 38: War and armed conflicts
States Parties shall take all feasible measures to ensure that persons who have not attained the age of fifteen years do not take a direct part in, and to ensure protection and care of children who are affected by an armed conflict.
Article 33: Drug abuse
The right to protection of children from the illicit use of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances and to prevent the use of children in the illicit production and trafficking of such substances
Article 18: Parental responsibilities
Both parents have common responsibilities for the upbringing and development of the child
Article 19: Protection from all forms of violence
States Parties shall provide the protection for the child from all forms of physical or mental violence, injury or abuse, neglect or negligent treatment, maltreatment or exploitation, including sexual abuse. And provide the necessary support programmes.
Article 4: Protection of rights
States Parties shall undertake all appropriate legislative, administrative, and other measures for the implementation of the rights recognized in the present Convention to the maximum extent of their available resources.
Article 36: Other forms of exploitation
The right of the child to be protected against all other forms of exploitation prejudicial to any aspects of the child’s welfare.
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