Convention on the Rights of the Child
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  • Article 3 : Best Interests of the child

    All actions concerning child and the best interests of the child shall be a primary consideration.

    States Parties must undertake to ensure the child such protection and the necessary care as is necessary for his or her well-being in case of absence of the parents’ care.

  • Article 2 : Non-discrimination

    All the rights are applicable on children without discrimination of any kind, irrespective of the child’s or his or her parent’s or legal guardian’s race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national,
    ethnic or social origin, property, or disability


  • Article 27: Adequate standard of living

    The right of every child to a standard of living adequate for the child’s physical, mental, spiritual, moral and social development. The parent(s) for the child have the primary responsibility to secure the conditions of living necessary for the child’s development, and States Parties shall take the financial responsibility for the child, both within the State Party and from abroad. In particular, where the person having financial responsibility for the child lives in a State different from that of the child, States Parties shall promote the accession to international agreements or the conclusion of such agreements, as well as the making of other appropriate arrangements.

  • Article 33: Drug abuse

    The right to protection of children from the illicit use of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances and to prevent the use of children in the illicit production and trafficking of such substances

  • Article 19: Protection from all forms of violence

    States Parties shall provide the protection for the child from all forms of physical or mental violence, injury or abuse, neglect or negligent treatment, maltreatment or exploitation, including sexual abuse. And provide the necessary support programmes.

  • Article 25: Review of treatment in care

    The right of a child who has been placed by the competent authorities for the purposes of care, protection or treatment of his or her physical or mental health, to a periodic review of treatment.

  • Article 7: Registration, name, nationality, care

    The child shall have the right from birth to a name, the right to acquire a nationality and the right to know and be cared for by his or her parents.

  • Article 24: Health and health services

    The right of the child to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health and to facilities for the treatment of illness and rehabilitation of health. To diminish infant and child mortality, and ensure the provision of necessary medical assistance and health care to all children, to combat malnutrition and the appropriate health care for mothers.

  • Article 32: Child labour

    The right of the child to be protected from economic exploitation and from performing any work that is likely to be hazardous the child’s education, or to be harmful to the child’s health or physical development.

  • Article 1 :   Meaning of the Child

    A child means every human being below the age of eighteen years unless under the law applicable to the child, majority is attained earlier.

  • Article 21: Adoption

    States Parties that recognize and/or permit the system of adoption shall ensure that the best interests of the adopted child.

  • Article 6: Survival and development

    Every child has the inherent right to life and States Parties shall ensure to the maximum extent possible the survival and development of the child.

  • Article 8: Preservation of identity

    States Parties undertake to respect the right of the child to preserve his or her identity, including nationality, name and family relations.

  • Article 40: Juvenile justice

    The right of every child alleged as, accused of, or recognized as having infringed the penal law to be treated in a manner consistent with the promotion of the child’s sense of dignity and worth, which reinforces the child’s respect for the human rights taking into account the child’s age and the desirability of promoting the child’s reintegration in society and providing vocational training programmes and institutional care.

  • Article 18: Parental responsibilities

    Both parents have common responsibilities for the upbringing and development of the child

  • Article 23: Children with disabilities

    The disabled child has the right to special care and to enjoy a full and decent life and facilitate the child’s active participation in the community.

  • Article 26: Social security

    The right of the child to benefit from social security, including social insurance.

  • Article 5: Parental guidance

    States Parties shall respect the responsibilities and rights of parents and the extended family to provide direction in the exercise by the child of the rights recognized in the present Convention and what is applicable with his or her capabilities.

  • Article 30: Children of minorities/indigenous groups

    Child of minorities/indigenous groups has the right to enjoy his or her own culture, practice his or her own religion, and to use his or her own language.

  • Article 17: Access to information

    The right of the child to access to information from a diversity of national and international sources, especially those aimed at the promotion of his or her social, spiritual, moral well-being, physical and mental health.

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