Convention on the Rights of the Child
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  • Article 7: Registration, name, nationality, care

    The child shall have the right from birth to a name, the right to acquire a nationality and the right to know and be cared for by his or her parents.

  • Article 28: Right to education

    The right of the child to education, by making primary education compulsory and available free to all, encourage the development of different forms of secondary education, the access of higher education all on the basis of his or her capacity, and to ensure that school discipline is administered in a manner consistent with the child’s human dignity.

  • Article 26: Social security

    The right of the child to benefit from social security, including social insurance.

  • Article 20: Children deprived of family environment

    Special protection and assistance must be provided by the State to ensure the alternative care for such a child taking into consideration the child’s upbringing and to the child’s ethnic, religious, cultural and linguistic background.

  • Article 40: Juvenile justice

    The right of every child alleged as, accused of, or recognized as having infringed the penal law to be treated in a manner consistent with the promotion of the child’s sense of dignity and worth, which reinforces the child’s respect for the human rights taking into account the child’s age and the desirability of promoting the child’s reintegration in society and providing vocational training programmes and institutional care.

  • Article 2 : Non-discrimination

    All the rights are applicable on children without discrimination of any kind, irrespective of the child’s or his or her parent’s or legal guardian’s race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national,
    ethnic or social origin, property, or disability


  • Article 29: Goals of education

    Education must be directed to: development of the child’s personality, talents and mental and physical abilities to their fullest potential, development of respect for the child’s parents, his or her own cultural identity, and for civilizations different from his or her own;

  • Article 11: Kidnapping

    States Parties shall take measures to combat the illicit transfer and non-return of children abroad.

  • Article 25: Review of treatment in care

    The right of a child who has been placed by the competent authorities for the purposes of care, protection or treatment of his or her physical or mental health, to a periodic review of treatment.

  • Article 5: Parental guidance

    States Parties shall respect the responsibilities and rights of parents and the extended family to provide direction in the exercise by the child of the rights recognized in the present Convention and what is applicable with his or her capabilities.

  • Article 36: Other forms of exploitation

    The right of the child to be protected against all other forms of exploitation prejudicial to any aspects of the child’s welfare.

  • Article 23: Children with disabilities

    The disabled child has the right to special care and to enjoy a full and decent life and facilitate the child’s active participation in the community.

  • Article 34: Sexual exploitation

    The right of the child to be protected from all forms of sexual exploitation.

  • Article 41: Respect for superior national standards

    Nothing in the present Convention shall affect any provisions which are more conducive to the realization of the rights of the child.

  • Article 19: Protection from all forms of violence

    States Parties shall provide the protection for the child from all forms of physical or mental violence, injury or abuse, neglect or negligent treatment, maltreatment or exploitation, including sexual abuse. And provide the necessary support programmes.

  • Article 21: Adoption

    States Parties that recognize and/or permit the system of adoption shall ensure that the best interests of the adopted child.

  • Article 14: Freedom of thought, conscience and religion

    States Parties shall respect the right of the child to freedom of thought, conscience and religion, and respect the rights and duties of the parents and to provide direction to the child in the exercise of his or her right in a manner consistent with the evolving capacities of the child.

  • Article 38: War and armed conflicts

    States Parties shall take all feasible measures to ensure that persons who have not attained the age of fifteen years do not take a direct part in, and to ensure protection and care of children who are affected by an armed conflict.

  • Article 13: Freedom of expression

    The child shall have the right to freedom of expression of all kinds, ask for information, acquire and disseminate them with the laws.

  • Article 27: Adequate standard of living

    The right of every child to a standard of living adequate for the child’s physical, mental, spiritual, moral and social development. The parent(s) for the child have the primary responsibility to secure the conditions of living necessary for the child’s development, and States Parties shall take the financial responsibility for the child, both within the State Party and from abroad. In particular, where the person having financial responsibility for the child lives in a State different from that of the child, States Parties shall promote the accession to international agreements or the conclusion of such agreements, as well as the making of other appropriate arrangements.

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