Article 20: Children deprived of family environment
Special protection and assistance must be provided by the State to ensure the alternative care for such a child taking into consideration the child’s upbringing and to the child’s ethnic, religious, cultural and linguistic background.
Article 18: Parental responsibilities
Both parents have common responsibilities for the upbringing and development of the child
Article 22: Refugee children
States Parties shall take appropriate measures to ensure that a refugee child shall receive appropriate protection and humanitarian assistance in the enjoyment of applicable rights set forth in the present Convention.
Article 40: Juvenile justice
The right of every child alleged as, accused of, or recognized as having infringed the penal law to be treated in a manner consistent with the promotion of the child’s sense of dignity and worth, which reinforces the child’s respect for the human rights taking into account the child’s age and the desirability of promoting the child’s reintegration in society and providing vocational training programmes and institutional care.
Article 29: Goals of education
Education must be directed to: development of the child’s personality, talents and mental and physical abilities to their fullest potential, development of respect for the child’s parents, his or her own cultural identity, and for civilizations different from his or her own;
Article 39: Rehabilitation of child victims
States Parties shall take all appropriate measures to promote physical and psychological recovery and social reintegration of a child victi
Article 19: Protection from all forms of violence
States Parties shall provide the protection for the child from all forms of physical or mental violence, injury or abuse, neglect or negligent treatment, maltreatment or exploitation, including sexual abuse. And provide the necessary support programmes.
Article 1 : Meaning of the Child
A child means every human being below the age of eighteen years unless under the law applicable to the child, majority is attained earlier.
Article 31: Leisure, play, and culture
The right of the child to rest and leisure, to engage in play and recreational and cultural activities.
Article 8: Preservation of identity
States Parties undertake to respect the right of the child to preserve his or her identity, including nationality, name and family relations.
Article 32: Child labour
The right of the child to be protected from economic exploitation and from performing any work that is likely to be hazardous the child’s education, or to be harmful to the child’s health or physical development.
Article 16: Right to privacy
No child shall be subjected to arbitrary or unlawful interference with his or her privacy, family, or correspondence, or to unlawful attacks on his or her honour and reputation.
Article 5: Parental guidance
States Parties shall respect the responsibilities and rights of parents and the extended family to provide direction in the exercise by the child of the rights recognized in the present Convention and what is applicable with his or her capabilities.
Article 15: Freedom of association
The right of the child to freedom of association and restrictions may be placed on the exercise of these rights other than those imposed in conformity with the law and which are necessary in the interests of national security or public safety.
Article 35: Abduction, sale and trafficking
The right of the child to prevented from the abduction, the sale of or traffic in children for any purpose or in any form.
Article 26: Social security
The right of the child to benefit from social security, including social insurance.
Article 34: Sexual exploitation
The right of the child to be protected from all forms of sexual exploitation.
Article 21: Adoption
States Parties that recognize and/or permit the system of adoption shall ensure that the best interests of the adopted child.
Article 3 : Best Interests of the child
All actions concerning child and the best interests of the child shall be a primary consideration.
States Parties must undertake to ensure the child such protection and the necessary care as is necessary for his or her well-being in case of absence of the parents’ care.
Article 37: Definition and punishment
No child shall be subjected to torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. Neither capital punishment nor life imprisonment without possibility of release shall be imposed for offences committed by persons below eighteen years of age. No child shall be deprived of his or her liberty unlawfully or arbitrarily and shall have the right to maintain contact with his or her family.
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