Article 7: Registration, name, nationality, care
The child shall have the right from birth to a name, the right to acquire a nationality and the right to know and be cared for by his or her parents.
Article 37: Definition and punishment
No child shall be subjected to torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. Neither capital punishment nor life imprisonment without possibility of release shall be imposed for offences committed by persons below eighteen years of age. No child shall be deprived of his or her liberty unlawfully or arbitrarily and shall have the right to maintain contact with his or her family.
Article 8: Preservation of identity
States Parties undertake to respect the right of the child to preserve his or her identity, including nationality, name and family relations.
Article 11: Kidnapping
States Parties shall take measures to combat the illicit transfer and non-return of children abroad.
Article 4: Protection of rights
States Parties shall undertake all appropriate legislative, administrative, and other measures for the implementation of the rights recognized in the present Convention to the maximum extent of their available resources.
Article 38: War and armed conflicts
States Parties shall take all feasible measures to ensure that persons who have not attained the age of fifteen years do not take a direct part in, and to ensure protection and care of children who are affected by an armed conflict.
Article 30: Children of minorities/indigenous groups
Child of minorities/indigenous groups has the right to enjoy his or her own culture, practice his or her own religion, and to use his or her own language.
Article 15: Freedom of association
The right of the child to freedom of association and restrictions may be placed on the exercise of these rights other than those imposed in conformity with the law and which are necessary in the interests of national security or public safety.
Article 22: Refugee children
States Parties shall take appropriate measures to ensure that a refugee child shall receive appropriate protection and humanitarian assistance in the enjoyment of applicable rights set forth in the present Convention.
Article 42: Knowledge of rights
States Parties undertake to make the principles and provision of the Convention widely known, by appropriate and active means, to adults and children alike.
Article 19: Protection from all forms of violence
States Parties shall provide the protection for the child from all forms of physical or mental violence, injury or abuse, neglect or negligent treatment, maltreatment or exploitation, including sexual abuse. And provide the necessary support programmes.
Article 1 : Meaning of the Child
A child means every human being below the age of eighteen years unless under the law applicable to the child, majority is attained earlier.
Article 34: Sexual exploitation
The right of the child to be protected from all forms of sexual exploitation.
Article 41: Respect for superior national standards
Nothing in the present Convention shall affect any provisions which are more conducive to the realization of the rights of the child.
Article 12: Respect for the views of the child
States Parties shall assure to the child who is capable of forming his or her own views related to his or her interests including the judicial or administrative measures
Article 13: Freedom of expression
The child shall have the right to freedom of expression of all kinds, ask for information, acquire and disseminate them with the laws.
Article 33: Drug abuse
The right to protection of children from the illicit use of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances and to prevent the use of children in the illicit production and trafficking of such substances
Article 16: Right to privacy
No child shall be subjected to arbitrary or unlawful interference with his or her privacy, family, or correspondence, or to unlawful attacks on his or her honour and reputation.
Article 17: Access to information
The right of the child to access to information from a diversity of national and international sources, especially those aimed at the promotion of his or her social, spiritual, moral well-being, physical and mental health.
Article 5: Parental guidance
States Parties shall respect the responsibilities and rights of parents and the extended family to provide direction in the exercise by the child of the rights recognized in the present Convention and what is applicable with his or her capabilities.
An awareness publication
For more information about COVID-19, click on the website link of World Health Organization
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