Article 6: Survival and development
Every child has the inherent right to life and States Parties shall ensure to the maximum extent possible the survival and development of the child.
Article 41: Respect for superior national standards
Nothing in the present Convention shall affect any provisions which are more conducive to the realization of the rights of the child.
Article 39: Rehabilitation of child victims
States Parties shall take all appropriate measures to promote physical and psychological recovery and social reintegration of a child victi
Article 27: Adequate standard of living
The right of every child to a standard of living adequate for the child’s physical, mental, spiritual, moral and social development. The parent(s) for the child have the primary responsibility to secure the conditions of living necessary for the child’s development, and States Parties shall take the financial responsibility for the child, both within the State Party and from abroad. In particular, where the person having financial responsibility for the child lives in a State different from that of the child, States Parties shall promote the accession to international agreements or the conclusion of such agreements, as well as the making of other appropriate arrangements.
Article 36: Other forms of exploitation
The right of the child to be protected against all other forms of exploitation prejudicial to any aspects of the child’s welfare.
Article 37: Definition and punishment
No child shall be subjected to torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. Neither capital punishment nor life imprisonment without possibility of release shall be imposed for offences committed by persons below eighteen years of age. No child shall be deprived of his or her liberty unlawfully or arbitrarily and shall have the right to maintain contact with his or her family.
Article 35: Abduction, sale and trafficking
The right of the child to prevented from the abduction, the sale of or traffic in children for any purpose or in any form.
Article 13: Freedom of expression
The child shall have the right to freedom of expression of all kinds, ask for information, acquire and disseminate them with the laws.
Article 23: Children with disabilities
The disabled child has the right to special care and to enjoy a full and decent life and facilitate the child’s active participation in the community.
Article 10: Family reunification
The right of child and his or her parents to enter or leave a State Party for the purpose of family reunification.
Article 29: Goals of education
Education must be directed to: development of the child’s personality, talents and mental and physical abilities to their fullest potential, development of respect for the child’s parents, his or her own cultural identity, and for civilizations different from his or her own;
Article 38: War and armed conflicts
States Parties shall take all feasible measures to ensure that persons who have not attained the age of fifteen years do not take a direct part in, and to ensure protection and care of children who are affected by an armed conflict.
Article 17: Access to information
The right of the child to access to information from a diversity of national and international sources, especially those aimed at the promotion of his or her social, spiritual, moral well-being, physical and mental health.
Article 16: Right to privacy
No child shall be subjected to arbitrary or unlawful interference with his or her privacy, family, or correspondence, or to unlawful attacks on his or her honour and reputation.
Article 4: Protection of rights
States Parties shall undertake all appropriate legislative, administrative, and other measures for the implementation of the rights recognized in the present Convention to the maximum extent of their available resources.
Article 14: Freedom of thought, conscience and religion
States Parties shall respect the right of the child to freedom of thought, conscience and religion, and respect the rights and duties of the parents and to provide direction to the child in the exercise of his or her right in a manner consistent with the evolving capacities of the child.
Article 40: Juvenile justice
The right of every child alleged as, accused of, or recognized as having infringed the penal law to be treated in a manner consistent with the promotion of the child’s sense of dignity and worth, which reinforces the child’s respect for the human rights taking into account the child’s age and the desirability of promoting the child’s reintegration in society and providing vocational training programmes and institutional care.
Article 1 : Meaning of the Child
A child means every human being below the age of eighteen years unless under the law applicable to the child, majority is attained earlier.
Article 5: Parental guidance
States Parties shall respect the responsibilities and rights of parents and the extended family to provide direction in the exercise by the child of the rights recognized in the present Convention and what is applicable with his or her capabilities.
Article 20: Children deprived of family environment
Special protection and assistance must be provided by the State to ensure the alternative care for such a child taking into consideration the child’s upbringing and to the child’s ethnic, religious, cultural and linguistic background.
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