Convention on the Rights of the Child
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  • Article 1 :   Meaning of the Child

    A child means every human being below the age of eighteen years unless under the law applicable to the child, majority is attained earlier.

  • Article 9: Separation from parents

    States Parties shall ensure that a child shall not be separated from his or her parents, that such separation is necessary for the best interests of the child, and respect the right of the child to maintain contact with both parents on a regular basis

  • Article 20: Children deprived of family environment

    Special protection and assistance must be provided by the State to ensure the alternative care for such a child taking into consideration the child’s upbringing and to the child’s ethnic, religious, cultural and linguistic background.

  • Article 15: Freedom of association

    The right of the child to freedom of association and restrictions may be placed on the exercise of these rights other than those imposed in conformity with the law and which are necessary in the interests of national security or public safety.

  • Article 7: Registration, name, nationality, care

    The child shall have the right from birth to a name, the right to acquire a nationality and the right to know and be cared for by his or her parents.

  • Article 31: Leisure, play, and culture

    The right of the child to rest and leisure, to engage in play and recreational and cultural activities.

  • Article 41: Respect for superior national standards

    Nothing in the present Convention shall affect any provisions which are more conducive to the realization of the rights of the child.

  • Article 30: Children of minorities/indigenous groups

    Child of minorities/indigenous groups has the right to enjoy his or her own culture, practice his or her own religion, and to use his or her own language.

  • Article 32: Child labour

    The right of the child to be protected from economic exploitation and from performing any work that is likely to be hazardous the child’s education, or to be harmful to the child’s health or physical development.

  • Article 5: Parental guidance

    States Parties shall respect the responsibilities and rights of parents and the extended family to provide direction in the exercise by the child of the rights recognized in the present Convention and what is applicable with his or her capabilities.

  • Article 25: Review of treatment in care

    The right of a child who has been placed by the competent authorities for the purposes of care, protection or treatment of his or her physical or mental health, to a periodic review of treatment.

  • Article 12: Respect for the views of the child

    States Parties shall assure to the child who is capable of forming his or her own views related to his or her interests including the judicial or administrative measures

  • Article 8: Preservation of identity

    States Parties undertake to respect the right of the child to preserve his or her identity, including nationality, name and family relations.

  • Article 13: Freedom of expression

    The child shall have the right to freedom of expression of all kinds, ask for information, acquire and disseminate them with the laws.

  • Article 35: Abduction, sale and trafficking

    The right of the child to prevented from the abduction, the sale of or traffic in children for any purpose or in any form.

  • Article 23: Children with disabilities

    The disabled child has the right to special care and to enjoy a full and decent life and facilitate the child’s active participation in the community.

  • Article 3 : Best Interests of the child

    All actions concerning child and the best interests of the child shall be a primary consideration.

    States Parties must undertake to ensure the child such protection and the necessary care as is necessary for his or her well-being in case of absence of the parents’ care.

  • Article 36: Other forms of exploitation

    The right of the child to be protected against all other forms of exploitation prejudicial to any aspects of the child’s welfare.

  • Article 11: Kidnapping

    States Parties shall take measures to combat the illicit transfer and non-return of children abroad.

  • Article 22: Refugee children

    States Parties shall take appropriate measures to ensure that a refugee child shall receive appropriate protection and humanitarian assistance in the enjoyment of applicable rights set forth in the present Convention.

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