Convention on the Rights of the Child
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  • Article 17: Access to information

    The right of the child to access to information from a diversity of national and international sources, especially those aimed at the promotion of his or her social, spiritual, moral well-being, physical and mental health.

  • Article 9: Separation from parents

    States Parties shall ensure that a child shall not be separated from his or her parents, that such separation is necessary for the best interests of the child, and respect the right of the child to maintain contact with both parents on a regular basis

  • Article 15: Freedom of association

    The right of the child to freedom of association and restrictions may be placed on the exercise of these rights other than those imposed in conformity with the law and which are necessary in the interests of national security or public safety.

  • Article 18: Parental responsibilities

    Both parents have common responsibilities for the upbringing and development of the child

  • Article 28: Right to education

    The right of the child to education, by making primary education compulsory and available free to all, encourage the development of different forms of secondary education, the access of higher education all on the basis of his or her capacity, and to ensure that school discipline is administered in a manner consistent with the child’s human dignity.

  • Article 2 : Non-discrimination

    All the rights are applicable on children without discrimination of any kind, irrespective of the child’s or his or her parent’s or legal guardian’s race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national,
    ethnic or social origin, property, or disability


  • Article 36: Other forms of exploitation

    The right of the child to be protected against all other forms of exploitation prejudicial to any aspects of the child’s welfare.

  • Article 35: Abduction, sale and trafficking

    The right of the child to prevented from the abduction, the sale of or traffic in children for any purpose or in any form.

  • Article 14: Freedom of thought, conscience and religion

    States Parties shall respect the right of the child to freedom of thought, conscience and religion, and respect the rights and duties of the parents and to provide direction to the child in the exercise of his or her right in a manner consistent with the evolving capacities of the child.

  • Article 4: Protection of rights

    States Parties shall undertake all appropriate legislative, administrative, and other measures for the implementation of the rights recognized in the present Convention to the maximum extent of their available resources.

  • Article 7: Registration, name, nationality, care

    The child shall have the right from birth to a name, the right to acquire a nationality and the right to know and be cared for by his or her parents.

  • Article 10: Family reunification

    The right of child and his or her parents to enter or leave a State Party for the purpose of family reunification.

  • Article 26: Social security

    The right of the child to benefit from social security, including social insurance.

  • Article 25: Review of treatment in care

    The right of a child who has been placed by the competent authorities for the purposes of care, protection or treatment of his or her physical or mental health, to a periodic review of treatment.

  • Article 40: Juvenile justice

    The right of every child alleged as, accused of, or recognized as having infringed the penal law to be treated in a manner consistent with the promotion of the child’s sense of dignity and worth, which reinforces the child’s respect for the human rights taking into account the child’s age and the desirability of promoting the child’s reintegration in society and providing vocational training programmes and institutional care.

  • Article 38: War and armed conflicts

    States Parties shall take all feasible measures to ensure that persons who have not attained the age of fifteen years do not take a direct part in, and to ensure protection and care of children who are affected by an armed conflict.

  • Article 37: Definition and punishment

    No child shall be subjected to torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. Neither capital punishment nor life imprisonment without possibility of release shall be imposed for offences committed by persons below eighteen years of age. No child shall be deprived of his or her liberty unlawfully or arbitrarily and shall have the right to maintain contact with his or her family.

  • Article 19: Protection from all forms of violence

    States Parties shall provide the protection for the child from all forms of physical or mental violence, injury or abuse, neglect or negligent treatment, maltreatment or exploitation, including sexual abuse. And provide the necessary support programmes.

  • Article 31: Leisure, play, and culture

    The right of the child to rest and leisure, to engage in play and recreational and cultural activities.

  • Article 32: Child labour

    The right of the child to be protected from economic exploitation and from performing any work that is likely to be hazardous the child’s education, or to be harmful to the child’s health or physical development.

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